Evaporated Milk vs Powdered Milk: Which is Better for Cooking?

Evaporated milk is liquid milk with about 60% of the water removed, resulting in a richer consistency and creamier taste. Powdered milk is dehydrated milk, made by removing all the water content. They have different uses in cooking and baking. Evaporated milk and powdered milk are two distinct dairy products with unique characteristics.

Evaporated Milk vs Powdered Milk

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Overview of Evaporated Milk vs. Powdered Milk

FactorEvaporated MilkPowdered Milk
DefinitionMilk with about 60% water removedMilk with all water removed, in powdered form
Water Content~60%~2-4%
Production ProcessPartially evaporated and cannedSpray drying or drum drying
Shelf LifeUnopened: About 1 yearVaries, longer than liquid milk
StorageMix with equal parts of waterCan be stored at room temperature
ReconstitutionMix with equal parts waterMix with water to desired consistency
Texture and FlavorCreamy texture, slightly caramelized flavorCreamy texture, similar flavor to fresh milk
Culinary UsesCreamy sauces, desserts, coffeeBaking, cooking, making liquid milk
Nutritional ContentSimilar to fresh milk, some nutrients lostSimilar to fresh milk, some nutrients lost
ConvenienceReady-to-use, no reconstitution requiredRequires reconstitution before use
PackagingCannedPouches or boxes

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NutrientEvaporated Milk (1 cup)Powdered Milk (1 cup, reconstituted)
Calories~338 kcal~159 kcal
Protein~10.9 g~8.2 g
Fat~19.0 g~9.0 g
Carbohydrates~30.4 g~11.0 g
Sugars~30.4 g~11.0 g
Fiber~0 g~0 g
Calcium~490 mg~276 mg
Vitamin D~100 IUVaries
Vitamin A~503 IUVaries
Vitamin B12~1.1 µgVaries
Potassium~473 mg~839 mg
Sodium~212 mg~388 mg

The Difference Between Evaporated Milk and Powdered Milk

When it comes to milk, there are various types available in the market. Two popular options are evaporated milk and powdered milk. While they both have their own uses and benefits, they are quite different from each other. In this article, we will explore the differences between evaporated milk and powdered milk, their characteristics, and their uses. Let’s dive in!

Evaporated Milk

Evaporated milk, also known as unsweetened condensed milk, is a concentrated form of milk. It is made by removing about 60% of the water content from fresh milk through a heating and evaporation process. The result is a thick and creamy liquid with a slightly caramelized flavor.

Evaporated milk is used in cooking and baking. It is a popular ingredient in recipes for custards, puddings, pies, and sauces. Due to its concentrated nature, evaporated milk adds richness and creaminess to dishes without adding extra water. It also has a longer shelf life compared to fresh milk, making it convenient for storage.

Evaporated milk can be found in both regular and low-fat varieties. It is sold in cans or cartons. Some brands offer evaporated milk with added sugar, known as sweetened condensed milk, which is used in sweet desserts.

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Powdered Milk

Powdered milk, also known as dried milk, is made by evaporating the liquid from milk until only the solids remain. These solids are then further processed and ground into a fine powder. Powdered milk has a longer shelf life than fresh milk and does not require refrigeration, which makes it a convenient option for extended storage.

To reconstitute powdered milk, you simply mix it with water according to the instructions on the packaging. The resulting liquid closely resembles fresh milk in terms of taste and texture. However, it is important to note that powdered milk may not have the same creaminess as fresh milk or evaporated milk due to the absence of fat.

Powdered milk is often used as a substitute for fresh milk in various recipes and beverages. It can also be consumed on its own as a nutritious drink. Powdered milk is a popular choice for emergency food supplies and camping trips, as it is lightweight and easy to transport.

Differences and Uses

Now that we have discussed the characteristics of evaporated milk and powdered milk let’s summarize the key differences between the two:

Evaporated MilkPowdered Milk
Thick and creamy liquidReconstituted liquid
Higher water contentLower water content
Used in cooking and bakingUsed in various recipes and beverages
Longer shelf lifeLong shelf life without refrigeration

Final Comments

In conclusion, while both evaporated milk and powdered milk are convenient alternatives to fresh milk, they serve different purposes. Evaporated milk is ideal for adding richness and creaminess to dishes, especially in cooking and baking. On the other hand, powdered milk is suitable for reconstituting into liquid milk or using it as a substitute in recipes and beverages.

Now that you understand the differences between evaporated milk and powdered milk, you can make an informed choice based on your specific needs and preferences. Whether you’re looking for a creamy addition to your recipes or a convenient milk alternative, both options have their own unique benefits.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between evaporated milk and powdered milk?

Evaporated milk is canned milk with around 60% water removed while powdered milk is made by dehydrating regular milk and turning it into a powder form.

How do I use evaporated milk?

Evaporated milk can be used as a substitute for regular milk in various recipes, both sweet and savory. It is used in desserts and sauces.

Can I drink evaporated milk as is?

Yes, you can drink evaporated milk straight from the can, but it has a richer and more intense flavor compared to regular milk.

How do I use powdered milk?

Powdered milk can be reconstituted by mixing it with water according to the instructions on the package. It can be used in cooking, baking, or as a substitute for regular milk.

Is powdered milk a good substitute for evaporated milk?

No, powdered milk is not a suitable substitute for evaporated milk as they have different textures and consistencies. However, powdered milk can be reconstituted and used as a substitute for regular milk.

Can I use evaporated milk instead of regular milk in my coffee?

Yes, you can use evaporated milk in your coffee, but be aware that it has a thicker texture and a more pronounced flavor compared to regular milk.

Does evaporated milk need to be refrigerated?

Once opened, evaporated milk should be refrigerated and consumed within a few days. Unopened cans can be stored in a cool, dry place for an extended period.

How long does powdered milk last?

Powdered milk can have a shelf life of up to two years if stored in a cool, dry place in an airtight container.

Can I use evaporated milk and powdered milk interchangeably?

No, evaporated milk and powdered milk cannot be used interchangeably in recipes due to their different textures and consistencies.

Can I reconstitute evaporated milk for powdered milk?

No, evaporated milk cannot be reconstituted from powdered milk. Evaporated milk is made through a different process and has a different texture and flavor compared to powdered milk.


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